It seems that the first traces of human inhabitation were found in the Cave of the Grotto from the end of the Paleolithic. The legend says that the Romans discovered the thermal springs with their horses. “At the Mehadia Praetorium Castles, the Delmararum III Cohorta ran its troops and left their horses in the Cerna Valley. The horses, full of wounds and illnesses, coming after long wars and campaigns, bathed instinctively in the water of the first thermal spring that is the Venera Spring. After a while the soldiers saw that these animals were restored. They reported to the superiors, and then the Roman administration decided to establish here, in the Cerna Valley, a resort that had become famous shortly in all corners of the Roman Empire. ”
The modern history of the resort begins after 1718 (the Passarovitz Peace) within the Austrian Empire. From 1736 the reconstruction and modernization of the baths, the access roads, the border guards of Banat started building here the majority of the edifices in the resort, which bear the Austrian Baroque style. General Andreeas Hamilton, governor of Banat on behalf of Emperor Charles VI, rebuilds the baths and mentions the existence of Hercules’ terms. At the same time, the first casino in Eastern Europe was built in Baile Herculane. Baroque “Casino Ensemble” takes you to the tumultuous life of the Romanians of those times. It was considered a symbol of ethnic twinning and ethnic co-existence, because on its roof are the statues of a Romanian, a German, a Serbian, and a Hungarian.
At present Baile Herculane has a total of 15 thermal and mineral springs used exclusively for the treatment of patients, most of them with rheumatic or nerve problems. The springs are also of several kinds: hot, sulfur-containing, sodium, chloride, magnesium, calcium or trace elements, and their action is doubled by the negative ionized air and the atmosphere around the locality.
Surrounding, Herculane resort is surrounded by extraordinary places, special natural beauties worth visiting, such as Şoim Gorge, Domogled Gorges, Pecinisca, Feregăi Valley or Domogled Peak. Also in this perimeter are the Steam Cave, Izvor Munk, Red Spring, Grotto of the Heights and Adam’s Cave. Hence a holiday in Herculane can also mean healing and relaxation. Even the less passionate nature will have to recognize that this part of the country is special.